Full Bibliography

The Horn and Trumpet of Ancient Europe and the Middle East

Peter Holmes



**Alcock1963:**L. Alcock, Dinas Powys, Cardiff, 105-6, ref to rivets of a type seen on the River Erne Trumpet

Aldred 1973: C Aldred, Tutankhamen's Egypt BBC, 1973

Alexandrescu 2007: Cristina-Georgeta Alexandrescu, The Iconography of Wind Instruments in Ancient Rome: Cornu, Bucina, Tuba, and Lituus, Music in Art, Spring–Fall 2007, Vol. 32, No. a Source for Music History Volume III (Spring–Fall 2, Research Center for Music Iconography University of New York, Stable URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/41818803

Alexandrescu 2010: Cristina-Georgeta Alexandrescu, Blasmusiker und Standartenträger im römischen Heer. Untersuchungen zur Benennung, Funktion und Ikonographie (Imagines 1) Cluj-Napoca 2010 ISBN 978-606-543-064-8 427 pp., 110 b/w-pls

Allen 1958: D. Allen, Belgic coins in the Late Pre-Roman Iron Age of Britain, P.P.S. XXIV. P44ff, Plate 1

Allen 1958: D Allen, 'Belgic Coins as illustrations of life in the late pre-Roman Iron Age of Britain', Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 24, 43-63

Allen 1976: L. A. Allen, Time Before Morning, Art and Myth of the Australian Aborigine, Adelaide, 1976

Almgren 1926-7: O. Almgren, Hallristningar och Kulturbruk

Althin 1945: C. A. Althin, Studien zu den bronze-zeitlichen Felszeichnungen von Skåne I. Lund, pp. 144ff

Amelung 1903: W. Amelung, Die Skulpturen des Vatikanischen Museums, Vol. I, Taf. 28, nr. 1370

Ammann 1997: Raymond Ammann, Danses et musiques kanak: une présentation des danses et des musiques mélanésiennes de Nouvelle-Calédonie, dans les cérémonies et dans la vie quotidienne, du XVIIIe siècle à nos jours, Agence de développement de la culture kanak, 1997

Andersson 1934: O. Andersson, Nordisk Musikkultur i äldsta tider, Stockholm

Andersen 1977: Jorgen Andersen, The Witch on the Wall, Rosenkilde & Bagger

Anstee 1956: J. W. Anstee, Technology of ancient glass and metal, Nature. Dec 1956, Vol. 178 part 1430

Aranegui Gascó 1996: C. Aranegui Gascó, Signos de rango en la sociedad ibérica. Distintivos de carácter civil o religioso, Revista de Estudios Ibérico*,* 2*,*Universidad Complutense de Madrid: 91-121

Archaeological Institute of America : Archaeological Discoveries in the Holy Land, Thomas Y. Cromwell Co. New York.

Armstrong 1922: E. C. R. Armstrong, Some Irish Bronze-Age Finds, Proc. Royal Irish Acad. XXXVI, Sec C. 134

Ashmore 1996: P. J. Ashmore, Neolithic and Bronze Age Scotland. B.T. Batsford, Ltd. Historic Scotland, London, 1996

Artis: E. T. Artis, The Durobrivae of Antonius first published in 1828, made up of a series of 60 plates but all the descriptions to the plates were not finished. References SD230. SD230

Aurigemma 1954: S. Aurigemma, Le Terme di Dioclaziano e il museo Nazionale romano, Roma


Backus 1970: J. Backus, The Acoustical Foundations of Music, John Murray

Bacon 1960: E. Bacon, Digging for History, Adam and Charles Black, London.

Bacon 1971: E. Bacon, Archaeological discoveries in the 1960s, Adam and Charles Black, London

Baines & Wachsmann 1961: A.C. Baines & K. P. Wachsmann, Classification of Musical Instruments, translated from the original German, G.S.J. No. 14. pp. 3ff, 1061

Baines 1976/1980: A. C. Baines, Brass Instruments, their History and Development, Faber and Faber, London, 1976, republished 1980

Ballester Tormo 1954: Isidro Ballester Tormo, Domingo Fletcher Valls, Enrique Pla Ballester, Francisco Jorda Cerda, José Alcocer Grau, Cerámica del Cerro de San Miguel, Liria: Museo de la Excma. Diputación de Valencia, Centro Superior de Investigaciones Madrid Científicas, Instituto Rodrigo Caro de Arqueología, y Diputación Provincial de Valencia.: Corpus Vasorum Hispanorum.

Balzer 1934: L. Balzer, Bohuslänska Hällsristninger, Stockholm, 1934

Bagnasco Gianni 2010: Lo sguardo della musica sui rest del passato Lavori in corso dell’Universitàdegli Studi di Milano in La Musica in Etruria, Atti del Convegno Internazionale, Tarquinia, September 2009, Published by the Comune di Tarquinia.

Banks: 1934: Sir Joseph Banks, Four volumes of original topographical and archaeological drawings made for Sir Joseph Banks and now in the possession of Colonel W. King-Fane of Fulbeck Hall, Lincoln. Currently in Lincoln Public Library

Baring and Cahford 1991: Anne Baring and Jules Cashford, The Myth of the Goddess:Evolution of an Image, Arkana, Penguin Books, London

Barker and Rasmussen 1998: Barker and Rasmussen, The Etruscans, Oxford, 1998

Barkow et al. 2012: J. H. Barkow, R. O'Gorman & L. Rendell, L., Are the New Mass Media Subverting Cultural Transmission? Review of General Psychology, 16, 121-133. DOI: 10.1037/a0027907

Bartholinus 1677: Caspar Bartholinus, De tibiis veterum, Rome

Basedow 1925: Basedow, The Australian Aboriginal, F.W. Preece and Sons, Adelaide

Bate 1966: Philip Bate, The Trumpet and Trombone, Ernest Benn Ltd

Bathurst Deane, 1833: John Bathurst Deane, The Worship of the Serpent, London: J. G. & F. Rivington

Beazley 1929: Beazley J. D. Notes on the Vases in Castle Ashby, Papers of the British School at Rome, 1929, Vol. 11 (1929), pp. 1-29 Published by: British School at Rome Stable URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/40310423

Beazley 1956: J. Beazley, Attic Black Figure Vase Painters, Oxford

Becker 1936: E Becker, Von der Gusstechnik der nordischen Bronzezeit, Technische Blätter, Wochenschrift zur Deutschen Bergwerks-Zeitung. Nr. 3

Beck 2000: Margaret Beck, Female Figurines in the European Upper Paleolithic: Politics and Bias in Archaeological Interpretation, in Reading the Body: Representations and Remains in the Archaeological Record, Alison E. Rautman, ed. pp. 202–214, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, Blackwood, Evelyn

Becker 1936: E Becker, Über die Herstellung alter Luren, Zeitschrift für Instrumentenbau Jargang 56/1936 nr. 16

Behn 1912: Friedrich Behn, Die Musik im Römischen Heere, Mainzer Zeitschrift VII, 37–39

Behn 1913: Friedrich Behn, Bucinator, Mainzer Zeitschrift 8, p.17

Behn 1954: Friedrich Behn, Musikleben im Altertum und Frűhen Mittelater, Hierseman Verlag, Stuttgart

Bélis 1999: A. Bélis, Les Musiciens dans L’Antiquité, Paris

Bell 1815: Bell, The Newry Magazine (Register) Vol. l, no. 4,Sept and Oct 1815

Bellori, Bartoli & Ange de la Chausse 1706: Giovan Pietro Bellori, Santi Bartoli and Michel-Ange de la Chausse, Le pituura antiche delle grotto di Roma e del sepolcro de’ Nasonj, Rome 1706

Belz 1910: Belz, Die vorgeschichtlichen Altertumer des Gross- herzogtums Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Benade 1976: A. H. Benade, Fundamentals of Musical Ac0ustics, Oxford University Press

Berndt 1965: R. M. and C. H. Berndt, Aboriginal Man in Australia in Essays in Honour of Em. Prof. A.P. Elkin, Angus A and Robertson

Berens 1880: E. M Berens, The Myths and Legends of Ancient Rome, Blackies Comprehensive School Series, London

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Bernoulli 1880: J. J. Bernoulli, *Catalog fuer di antiquarische Abtelung, Bassel

Bessaraboff 1941: N. Bessaraboff, Ancient European Musical Instruments, Harvard University Press

Bietti, Tilston, Bangerter Undated: Lucas M. Bietti, Ottilie Tilston, & Adrian Bangerter, Storytelling as adaptive collective sensemaking, Institute of Work and Organizational Psychology, University of Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Switzerland

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Blanchet 1954: A. Blanchet, Traité des monnaies gaulois, 1954

Blanck & Proietti 1986: Horst Blanck and Giuseppe Proietti, La Tomba dei Rilievi di Cerveteri. Roma 1986

Bleau 1654: Bleau's Atlas, Amsterdam, 1654

Boardman 1975: J. Boardman, Athenian Red Figure, Vases of the Archaic Period, Thames and Hudson, 1975

Boardman 1975: J. Boardman, Athenian Black Figure Vases of the Archaic Period, Thames and Hudson, 1975

Boardman 1998: John Boardman, Early Greek Vase Painting, London, Thames & Hudson, 1998

Bode 1905: Bode, Treasures of Astrabad, Archaeologica. XXX, 1905

Boehm 2015: R. A. Boehm, Alexander, “Whose Courage Was Great”: Cult, Power, and Commemoration in Classical and Hellenistic Thessaly, Classical Antiquity Volume 34, No. 2 October 2015

Bohne 2011: A. Bohne, Bilder von Sport. Untersuchen zur ilonographie roemischer Athleten-Darstellungen, Nikophoros, Beiheft, 19

Bonfante 1978: Larissa Bonfante, The Arnoaldi Mirror, the Treviso Discs, and Etruscan Mirrors in North Italy, American Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 82, No.2 (Spring 1978), pp. 235-240, Archaeological Institute of America

Bonfante and Swaddling 2006: Larissa Bonfante and Judith Swaddling, Etruscan Myths, University of Texas Press

Boyd 2017: B. Boyd: The Evolution of Stories: From Mimesis to Language, from Fact to Fiction, WIREs Cognitive Science, e1444. doi:10.1002/wcs.1444, 2017

Bonfante 1978: Larissa Bonfante, American Journal of Archaeology, The Arnoaldi Mirror, the Treviso Discs, and Etruscan Mirrors in North Italy, Vol. 82, No.2 (Spring 1978), pp. 235-240 https://www.jstor.org/stable/504498

Bonghi Jovino & Chiaramonte 1986: Maria Bonghi Jovino and Cristina Chiaramonte (Eds), Tarqinia: Ricerche, Scavi e Prospettive, Convegno Internazionale di Studi, La Lombardia per gli Etrusci, Milan 24-25 Giugno 1986, L’ERMA di Bretschneider, Rome.

Bonghi Jovino 2000: Maria Bonghi Jovino, Funzioni, simboli e potere. I ‘bronzi’ del ‘complesso’ di Tarquinia, in Kolloquium zum Thema Der Orient und Etrurien, Tübingen giugno 1997 (Hrsg. Friedhelm Prayon und Wolfang Röllig),Roma-Pisa 2000

Both 2004: Arnd Adje Both, Shell Trumpets in Mesoamerica: Musicarchaeological Evidence and Living Tradition, in E. Hickmann, and R. Eichmann, eds.: Studien zur Musikarchäologie IV, an ISGMA publication

Bragard 1968: Roger Bragard and Ferdinand J. De Hen, Musical Instruments in Art and History, , Barrie and Rockliff, 1968, Translated from original, Rhode-St-Genèse, 1967

Brandenburg 1967: H Brandenburg, Meereswesensarkophage und Clipeusmotiv, Jahrb. d. Inst. 82.

Braun 2001: Joachim Braun, Music in Ancient Israel Palestine, Translated by Douglas W Stott, William B Eerdmans Publishing Co, Grand rapids, Michigan, Cambridge Uk, 2001

Brencour 1921: R. Brencour, Histoire des Instruments de musique, Paris

Breasted 1930: J. H. Breasted: Historical Earlier Records of Ramses III by the Epigraphic Survey, University of Chicago, Oriental Publ Institute. III, Medinet Habu, Chicago 1930

Brendel 1978: Otto J.Brendel, Etruscan Art, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1978

Bricqueville 1895: E. de Bricqueville, Un coin de curiosité. Les anciens instruments de Musique, Paris

Bridge 1905: J. C.Bridge, Horns, Journal Architectural, Archaeological and Historical Soc for North Wales and Chester, pp. 85-166

Brightwell, Demitriou, Massey and Neacy 1972: A. Brightwell, G Demitriou, N. Massey and N. Neacy, The Horniman Museum Kiln experiment at Highgate Wood, The London Archaeologist 1972, 2, Part I, 12-17

British Museum 1972: British Museum, Treasures of Tutankhamen, BM & Times

Britton 1960: D Britton, The Isleham Hoard Cambridgeshire, Antiquity, Vol. 34, pp. 279-282, pts XXVI & XXXVII

Broholm, Larsen & Skjerne 1949: Hans Christian Broholm, William P. Larsen & Godfred Skjerne, The Lures of the Bronze Age, Glydendalske Boghandel, Nordisk Verlag, Copenhagen, 1949

Broholm 1965: H. Broholm, Lurfundene fra bronzealdern, Kopenhagen

Bronsted 1938-40: H. Broholm, Danmarks Oldtid, Kopenhagan.

Brown & Blin Stoyle 1959: M.A. Brown & A.E.A. Blin Stoyle, Sample Analysis of British Middle and Late Bronze-Age Material using optical spectrometry, PPS. 25. 188-208

Brown & Lascell 1972: H. M. Brown & J. Lascell, *Musical Iconography

  • A Manual for cataloguing musical subjects in Western Art before 1800*, Harvard University Press.

Bruzelius 1860: N. G. Bruzelius, Beskrivning över tvenne stridslurar av bronz, funna i Skåne, Svenska Fornlamningar II. Lund

Bryant 1970: G. F. Bryant, Two experimental Romano-British kiln firings at Barton-on-Humber, Lincs., J. Scunthorpe Museum Society, 3. (1), 1-16

Bryant 1971: G. F. Bryant, Experimental Romano-British kiln firings at Barton-on-Humber, Lincs., Workers Education Association, Barton-on-Humber Occasional, 2 Paper.1

Buchner 1961: Alexander Buchner, Musical Instruments Through the Ages, Batchworth, London, 1961

Buchner 1971: Alexander Buchner, Folk Music Instruments of the World, Octopus Books, Prague

Buchner 1973: Alexander Buchner, Musical Instruments: An illustrated History, Octopus Books

Buhle 1903: E. Buhle, Die Musicalischen Instrumente in den Miniaturen des Frühen Mittelalters, I. Die Blasinstrumente, Leipzig

Bundrick, S. 2005: S. Bundrick, Music and Image in Classical Athens, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Burenhalt 1973: G. Burenhalt, The Rock Carvings of Gotaland, Acta. Arch. Lundensia

Burkert 1972: Walter Burkert, Homo Necans University of California Press, 1972

Burkert 1985: Walter Burkert, Greek Religion, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, ISBN 978-0-674-36281-9

Burkert 1992: Walter Burkert, The Orientalising Revolution: Near Eastern Influence on Greek Culture in the Early Archaic Age, translated by Margaret E. Pinder and Walter Burkert. Cambridge, Mass. ; London : Harvard University Press

Bury, Cook & Adcock 1954: Bury, John Bagnell; Cook, Stanley Arthur; Adcock, Frank Ezra.The Cambridge Ancient History: Volume 8. Cambridge University Press

Bushrell 1968: A. Bushrell, The First Americans

Butler & Sarfatij 1970-71: J. J. Butler & H. Sarfatij**,** Another Bronze Ceremonial Sword

by the Plougrescant - Ommerschans Smith, Berichten van de Rijksdienst voor het ondheid-kundig Bodemonderzoek, Vol. 20-121 pp. 301-309

Buttner 1953: M. Buttner, Studien zur Geschichte der Trompete, Phil. Diss. Munster, 1953


Camden 1588: The Abridgement of Camden’s Britania: with the Maps of the Severall Shires of England and Wales, Bill, John, -1630 (publisher), London : printed by John Bill, printer to the King's most Excellent Majestie, 1626

Campbell 1964: Joseph Campbell, Occidental Mythology: the Masks of God, 1964

Campbell, Gilbert & Holmes 2017: D. Murray Campbell, Joël Gilbert and Peter Holmes, Seeking the sounds of ancient horns, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Volume 141, Issue 5 > 10.1121/1.4988906 https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4988906

Capuis & Chieco Bianchi 1992: L Capuis and A. M. Chieco Bianchi, Este Preromana: Vita e cultura, in Tosi, G. (ed.), Este Antica dalla Preistoria all’Età Romana, Este: Zielo, 41–108

Capuis 2001: L. Capuis, L’Arte delle Situle Quarant’anni Dopo, Arheološki Vestnik 52, 2001

Cardwell 1976: W.T. Cardwell Jr., Working Theory of Trumpet Air-column design, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 40; 1252, 1976

Carmichael et al 1985: Elizabeth Carmichael, Stephen Hugh-Jones, brian Moser and Donald Tayler, The Hidden Peoples of the Amazon, British Museum Publications Ltd, London, 1985

Carrese, LiCastro, Martinelli 2010: Marilena Carrese, Emiliano LiCastro and Maurizio Martinelli, La Musica in Etruria, Comune di Tarquinia, 2010

Carter 1927: H. Carter, The Tomb of Tut-Ankh-Amen, London 1927

Caskey 1937: L.D. Caskey, Archaeological Notes, American Journal of Archaeology, XLI. pp. 525-527, 1937

Castaldo 2007: Daniela Castaldo, Musica e insignia potestatis nel mondo etrusco: riflessioni di iconografia musicale, in Prospettive di Iconografia musicale, a cura di N. Guidobaldi, Mimesis, Milano 2007, pp. 39-69

Chadwick 1970: N. Chadwick The Celts, Pelican, 1970

Chadwick 1976: N.Chadwick, The Celts, London

Champollion 1812: Champollion, Monuments, III, la Description de l’Égypte Antiquités, II, Paris

Chetan & Brueton 1994: D. A. Chetan and D. Brueton, The Sacred Yew, London

Chevalier & Gheerbrandt 1996: Jean Chevalier and Alain Gheerbrandt. A Dictionary of Symbols. Penguin Books: London

Chiverton 2000: Roy A. Chiverton, A Roman Mouthpiece in England, FoMRHI Quarterly 98, (January 2000) Communication 1691. Available online

Čižmář 1991: M. Čižmář Moravia, in Kruta 1991, p.274

Clarke, Blackwell & Goldberg 2102: David Clarke, Alice Blackwell and Martin Goldberg, Early Medieval Scotland: Individuals, Communities and Ideas, National Museums of Scotland

Coarelli 1995: Coarelli Da Pergamo a Roma: I Galati nella cittá degli Attalidi, Rome

Cochran-Patrick 1878a: The Caprington Horn, Archaeological Collections of Ayr and Wigtown I, 74–75

Cochran-Patrick 1878b: R.W. Cochran-Patrick, The Caprington Horn, Proc. of Soc. of Ant. of Scot., 1878(Feb) pp 565-6, 1878

Coffey 1913: G. Coffey, The Bronze-Age in Ireland, Dublin, 1913

Coghlan 1939: H.H. Coghlan, Some Experiments on the Origin of Early Copper, Man. xxxix (1939) pp 106-8, 1939

Coghlan 1940: H.H. Coghlan, Prehistoric Copper and some Experiments in Smelting, Trans. Newcommen Soc. 20: 49-65, 1940

Coghlan, H.H. 1951 (1975) Notes on the Prehistoric Metallurgy of Copper and Bronze in the Old World. Occasional Papers on Technology 4, Pitt-Rivers Museum, University of Oxford.

Coissin 1923: P. Coissin, L'Arc de Triomphe d'Orange Revue Archéologie 24. 26

Coleman-Norton 1948: Coleman-Norton, Cicero Musicus, Journal of the American Musicological Society (i) pp 3-22

Coles 1963: J.M. Coles, Irish Bronze-Age Horns and their relations with Northern Europe, P.P.S. Vol XXIX pp. 326-356

Coles 1967: J. M. Coles, Some Irish Horns of the Late Bronze-Age, Royal Soc. of Antiquities of Ireland: 97, 2 pp 115-117

Collaer and van der Linden 1968: P Collaer and A. van der Linden, Historical Atlas of Music, George G. Harrap, 1968

Collaer 1973: P. Collaer, Music of the Americas, Curzon Press, 1973.

Colonna 1980: G. Colonna, Rapporti Artistici tra il Mondo Paleoveneto e il Mondo Etrusco, in Este e la Civiltà Paleoveneta a Cento Anni dalle Prime Scoperte: Atti dell’XI Convegno di Studi Etruschi e Italici, Este, Padova, 27 Giugno–1 Luglio 1976, Firenze: L. S. Olschki

Comision Ejectutiva Madrid 1912: Exoavaciones De Numancia.Memoria presentada al Ministerio de Instruccion Publica y Bellas Artes por la Comision Ejecutiva. Madrid. Jose Blass y cia

Cosgrave 2000: Bronwyn Cosgrave, The Complete History of Costume and Fashion: From Ancient Egypt to the Present Day, New York, Checkmark Books, 2000

Cosentino 2013: Augusto Cosentino, Persephone’s Cockerel, in Animals in Greek and Roman Religion and Myth, Proceeedings of the Symposium Grumentinum Grumeno Nove, (Potenza) 5-7 June 2013, Eds, Patricia A. Johnstone, Attilo Mastrocinque and Sophia Papaioannou

Courtois 1989: C. Courtois, Le Bâtiment de scène des theatres d’Italie et la Sicile. Archaeologia Transatlantica 8 = Publications d’Histoie de lArt et de Archéologia de l’Université Catholique de Louvain 65 (Louvain-le-Neuve) 1989

Cowell 1972: F. R. Cowell, Everyday Life in Ancient Rome, Batsford

Craddock 1993: Paul Craddock and Alessandra Giumlia-Mair, “Hsmn-Km, Corinthian bronze, shakudo: black patinated bronze in the ancient world,” Metal plating and Patination, ed. Susan La Niece and Paul Craddock, Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd, 1993

Crane 1972: F. Crane, Extant Medieval Musical Instruments: A Provisional Catalogue by Types, University of Iowa Press

Creighton 2002: John Creighton, 'Coins and Power in Late Iron Age Britain', Cambridge University Press, 2002

Crowther 1994:, N. Crowther, The Role of Heralds and Trumpeters at Greek Athletic Festivals,Nikephoros 7, 135-155.

Crusius 1844: Gottlieb Christian Crusius, A Complete Greek and English Lexicon of the Poems of Homer and the Homeridæ …, translated by Henry Smith

Cumont 1942: F. Cumont, Recherches sur le symbolisme funeraire des Romains, Paris.

Curle 1932-3: A. O. Curle, Further Excavation at Jarlshof, Shetland, Proc. Soc. Ant. of Scotland IXVII, pp 118-24, Figure 41

Curry 2009:


Dalley 1989: Stephanie Dalley (trans), Myths from Mesopotamia, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1989

Dalton 1964: O. M. Dalton, Treasures of the Oxus, with other examples of Early Oriental Metalwork, London

Daqing 2007: Wang Daqing, On the Ancient Greek agon, Procedia, Social and Behavioral Sciences 2 (2010) 6805-6812

Darmon 1992: Jean-Pierre Darmon, Wendy Doniger (ed.), The Powers of War: Athena and Ares in Greek Mythology, translated by Danielle Beauvais, Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press

Davidson 1988: Hilda Roderick Ellis Davidson, Myths and Symbols in Ancient Europe: Early Scandinavian and Celtic Religions, Manchester University Press, 1988

Davies 1905: N. de G. Davies, The Rock-Tombs of el-Amarna, London, 1905

Day 1875a: R Day, Irish Bronze War Trumpets, Journal, Royal Society of Antiquaries Ireland, 13, p.422

Day 1875b: R. Day: Irish Bronze War Trumpets, J. Roy. Hist. and Arch. Assoc. of Ireland, 4th Ser. III, (1874-75), 442

Déchelette 1927: Joseph Déchelette, Manuel d’archeologie prehistorique celtique et gallo-romaine II I, Paris 1910

Déchelette 1927: Joseph Déchelette, Manuel D'Archéology Préhistorique Celtique et Gallo-Romaine Paris 1927, IV, 'Second Age du Fer ou époche de la Téne'

de Grummond 1991: Nancy Thomson de Grummond, Etruscan Twins and Mirror Images, The Dioskouroi at the Door Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin, 10-31

de Grummond 2006a: Nancy de Grummond, *Etruscan Mythology, Sacred History and Legend.*Philadelphia, University of Philadelphia Museum, 2006 pp.229-230 identifies Tuchulcha as female

de Grummond & Simon 2006: Nancy Thomson de Grummond & Erika Simon The Religion of the Etruscans, University of Texas Press, Austin, 2006

De Lagoy 1849: DeLagoy, Recherche sür l'armement des Gaulois, Aix

Delestrée and Tache 2002: L.-P Delestrée and M Tache, Nouvelle atlas des monnaies gaulois I De la Seine au Rhin (Saint-Germain=en-Laye, 2002

Delougaz and Kantor 1996: Delougaz and Kantor, The Musical Instruments of Azerbaijan, Majnun Karim, 2010 Oriental Institute Publications (OIP), Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1996

Delporte 1993: Henri Delporte, Gravettian Female Figurines: A Regional Survey, in Before Lascaux: The Complex Record of the Early Upper Paleolithic, Heidi Knecht, Anne Pike-Tay, and Randall White, eds. pp. 243–257. Boca Raton: CRC Press Devore, Holly

De Riencourt 1983: Amaury de Riencourt, Woman and Power in History, Honeyglen Publishing, London

De Sarzec 1883: Découvertes en Chaldée, Paris 1883

Deschler-Erb 1999: E. Deschler-Erb, Ad arma! Roemisches Militaer des 1. Jh. n Chr. in Augusta Raurica, Forch. Augst 28, Augst 1999

Diagram Group 1976: Diagram Group, Musical lnstruments of the World, Paddington Press

Di Fazio 2005: Massimiliano Di Fazio, Morte e Pianto Rituale nell’Italia antica. Il Caso dell’Askos “Catarinella”, in Icone del Mondo antico, un seminario di Storia delle Immagine, Pavia, Collegio Ghislieri, 25 novembre 2005

di Napoli 2002: Valentina di Napoli, Il freggio a tema agonistico del teatro Heliopolis (Frifia): iconografia e iconologia nell’arte Romana imperiale, ASAtene 80,1, 379-412

Domínguez and Sánchez 2001: A. J. Domínguez and C. Sánchez, Greek Pottery from the Iberian Peninsula: Archaic and Classical Periods, Brill, Leiden-Boston-Köln

Dorow 1827: W. Dorow, Romische Alterthumer in und um Neuwied am Rhein

Downey 1993: Peter Downey, Lip-blown instruments of Ireland before the Norman Invasion, Historic Brass Society Journal 5, 75-91

Downey 1997: Peter Downey: If Music Comes from Many Horns, Then The Sound is Sweeter: Trumpets and Horns in Early Medieval Ireland, Historic Brass Society Journal 9

Drake2005: G. Drake, Assessment of timbre using Verbal Attributes, Proceedings of the Conference on Interdisciplinary Musicology, (CIM05, Montreal), pp.1-12

Drees 1968: L. Drees, Olympia, Gods, Artists and Athletes, translated from German by Gerald Onn, London

Dubois 1937: Claude Marcel Dubois, 'Notes sur les instruments de musique figurés dans l'Art plastique de l'Inde ancienne'.

Dubois 1941: Claude Marcel Dubois, 'Instruments de musique de l'Inde ancienne', 1941

Ducati 1927: P. Ducati, Storia dell'arte etrusca, Florence

Duchesne-Guillemin 1980: J. Duchesne-Guillemin Cor de Yima et trompette d’Issfil: de la cosmogonie mazdéenne à l’eschatologie musulmane, Co,ptes rendus de l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Letres, 1980, 539-549. I was unable to get access to this work and relied on information from Lawergren 2003

Dunbabin 2015: Katherine M. D. Dunbabin. The Agonistic mosaic in the Villa of Lucius Verus and the Capitolia of Rome, Journal of Roman Archaeology, 28, 2015, pp.191-222. Reference to agonistic reliefs and melodic salpinktai/tubae.

Dunn 2006: PM Dunn, Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition 91(1): F75–7, 2006


Edelstein 1945: E. Edelstein and L. Edelstein (eds.), Asclepius: A Collection and Interpretation of the Testimonies, Baltimore, 1945

Edgerton 1936: W, F, Edgerton, J. A, Wilson, Historical Records of Ramses III. The texts in Medinet Habu, Chicago, 1936

Edlund-Berry 2006: Ingrid E. M. Edlund-Berry, Ritual Space and Boundaries in Etruscan Religion in de Grummond & Simon 2006, The Religion of the Etruscans, University of Texas Press, Austin 2006

Edlund 1987: Ingrid E. A. Edlund, The Gods and the Place, Stockholm, 1987

Edwards 1972: I. E. S. Edwards, Treasures of Tutankhamen, 1972

Eichborn 1881: H Eichborn, Die Trompete in Alter und neuer Zeit, Leipzig, 1881

Eisner 1967: E Eisner, Complete Solutions of the "Webster" Horn Equation, J. Acoust. Soc. America: 41: 1126-46

Eliade 1967: M. Eliade, Myths, Dreams and Mysteries, Translated by P.Mairet, New York

Elkin and Jones 1953-7: A. P. Elkin and T. A. Jones, Arnhem Land Music (North Australia), The Oceania monographs No. 9. Sydney: The University of Sydney, 1953-7

Elkin and Berndt 1965: A. P. Elkin and C. H. Berndt, Aboriginal Man in Australia. Angus and Robertson Ltd., Sydney, 1965

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Xanthoulis 2021:

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